Ten-Cent Beer Night in Cleveland 

The ill-fated "Ten-Cent Beer Night" promotion at a baseball game between the Cleveland Indians and the Texas Rangers in Cleveland on June 4, 1974, led to the biggest riot at a sporting event in North America.  On the Rangers team were pitcher and future Hall of Famer Ferguson Jenkins and future Cleveland Indians manager Mike Hargrove.

1974 was also a season of many other memorable events.  These included Hank Aaron breaking Babe Ruth's all-time home run record and Ron LeFlore, an ex convict, making his…

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Garden Spot Village Half Marathon 

On April 14, I successfully completed the Garden Spot Village Half Marathon in New Holland, PA. Over seven months of rigorous training, including many 5k's and 5-Mile Runs have made me a seasoned long-distance runner. More half-marathons will likely follow sometime in the future.

Thomas Paine 

On January 10, 1776, Thomas Paine’s famous pamphlet, Common Sense, was published.  It was highly critical of the system of monarchy and argued for American independence from England. This 48-page pamphlet was read all over America and even in England and France.  More copies were sold than any other book in America up until that time.  George Washington ordered it be read to his troops that were encamped in Massachusetts.

When Paine wrote Common Sense, he used language the common people in America could…

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Disco Demolition Night 

On July 12, 1979, “Disco Demolition Night,” an infamous promotion at a baseball game on the South Side of Chicago, took place.  Fans who brought a disco record to be destroyed received a game ticket for less than a dollar.  In between the doubleheader of the Chicago White Sox vs. Detroit Tigers, fans stormed the field, and all kinds of mayhem ensued.  The second game of the doubleheader was forfeited to the Tigers–the last forfeit to occur in the American League. This riot was the biggest one by fans at a…

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The Boston Tea Party 

Two hundred forty years ago on December 16, the Sons of Liberty, some disguised as Indians, dumped chests of British tea into the Boston Harbor protesting the tax on tea.  The Boston Tea Party was actually the first of two such events in Boston and the first of many that would take place throughout the eastern seaboard of America.

In response, the British ordered the port of Boston closed to all commerce, except for supplies for the British.  This action was the first of the Intolerable Acts—a series of…

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Sleepy Hollow 

I mentioned “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” in the epilogue of my book The Hessians and the American Revolution: The Whole Story.  In the original version, written by Washington Irving in 1820, the Headless Horseman was said to be the ghost of a Hessian decapitated by a cannonball in a fictional battle of the American Revolution.

In the new television series Sleepy Hollow, however, the Headless Horseman is not a Hessian but a British redcoat.  Instead of losing his head to a cannonball, he is decapitated…

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Battle of Germantown,1777 

After the American defeat at the Battle of Brandywine, George Washington made a bold attack on the British army led by General William Howe. The result was a British victory. Nevertheless, American morale benefited from the battle because it was based on a sophisticated plan that almost worked. In addition, France became convinced that America could win the war and deserved aid. The Battle of Germantown can be considered one of the turning points in the American Revolution.

August 1776 

August 1776 was a pivotal month in the American Revolution. England first received word of the Declaration of Independence. With the largest army the British had ever sent to North America, King George III was pulling out all the stops to crush the rebellion. On August 27, the British and Hessians soundly defeated George Washington and the Continental Army at the Battle of Long Island. The New York Campaign of 1776, a decisive victory for the British, was made possible by the participation of large…

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Bunker Hill 

The bloody battle of Bunker Hill was fought on June 17, 1775 near Boston.  After the British defeat at Concord two months earlier, the British were determined to use overwhelming force to crush the American rebellion.  However, the American forces were able to place the British troops in Boston under siege.  Although Bunker Hill was ultimately a British victory, the British lost more men than the Americans.  In fact, the British army suffered heavier losses at Bunker Hill than in any other day during the…

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First Shots of the Revolution 

On an April morning in 1775, the American Revolution suddenly started in Lexington and Concord near Boston, but the real revolution had been years in the making. My book, The Long Road to Revolution, tells the story in exciting detail.